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Lesson 8: Epilogue I

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Grammar review: Lesson 1

Welcome to your first epilogue. An epilogue always comes at the very end of each course and serves as some sort of summary over the entire newly learned grammar and contents of that course. We will now go step by step through the new grammar and contents of the last course: "German for Beginners" and repeat and discuss its most important aspects. Let's start with Lesson 1:

In lesson 1, we have learned how to say hello and goodbye to friends, family members or strangers. Most important is here to distinguish between the formal address with 'Sie' and the informal address with 'du' (singular) or 'ihr' (plural). Note that 'Sie' can be used for both singular and plural address. If you use a verb with the pronoun 'Sie', it will be conjugated in the same way as the other German pronoun 'sie', which means 'they'.

As you also know, there is a third pronoun 'sie', which means 'she'.

Read the following two dialogs aloud to yourself and try to understand the main idea behind them. Then try to answer the few questions below each dialog:

Tom (T): Hallo Peter!
Peter (P): Hi Tom, wie geht's?
T: Ganz gut, danke. Und wie geht es dir?
P: Auch gut, danke.
T: Das hier ist meine neue Freundin. Sie heißt Kerstin.
P: Hallo Kerstin, ich bin Peter.
Kerstin (K): Hi Peter. Wir wollen ins Kino gehen. Du auch?
P: Nein, danke. Ich muss morgen arbeiten.
K: Hmm, das ist schlecht.
T: Ok, dann bis morgen.
P: Tschüss.
K: Tschüss Peter.


Exercise
Try to answer the following questions:

move mouse over ?-fields
for correct answers
1) How is Tom doing?
?
2) How is Peter doing?
?
3) Who is Kerstin?
?
4) Does Peter introduce himself to her?
?
5) Where do Kerstin and Tom want to go?
?
6) Is Peter coming, too?
?
7) Why not?
?


Now read the second dialog to practice the formal address with 'Sie' and 'Ihnen':
Herr Winter (W): Guten Tag Frau Kroll.
Frau Kroll (K): Guten Abend Herr Winter. Wie geht es Ihnen?
W: Sehr gut, danke. Und Ihnen?
K: Auch ganz gut. Und was machen Ihre Kinder?
W: Mein Sohn geht jetzt in den Kindergarten und meine Tochter geht in die Schule.
K: Sehr schön. Dann auf Wiedersehen, Herr Winter.
W: Auf Wiedersehen Frau Kroll. Alles Gute!
K: Danke.


Exercise
Try to answer the following questions regarding the dialog above:

move mouse over ?-fields
for correct answers
1) Why do Mr. Winter and Mrs. Kroll ask "Wie geht es Ihnen" instead of "Wie geht es dir?"
?
2) Does Mr. Winter have children?
?
3) Does he have two girls, two boys or one girl and one boy?
?
4) Does Mr. Winter's son go to school?
?


Now press the green button below to proceed to the next page.


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pages 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9        vocabularies       Exercises [A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H]

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       Epilogue I
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