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Lesson 8: Epilogue I

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Grammar review: Lesson 3

In Lesson 3, we again talked about conjugating regular verbs, something, we already introduced to some extend in lesson 2 through the verb 'kommen'. Other regular verbs were introduced at this point, such as 'gehen' (to go), 'machen' (to do/to make), and 'trinken' (to drink).

1) Using auxiliaries

We also introduced the usage of auxiliaries in German such as 'möchten' (would like) and 'werden' (will/to become). The verb 'möchten' is used to express what we would like to do, whereas 'werden' is used to form the future tense in German. Other auxiliaries were 'sollen' (shall), 'müssen' (must), 'wollen' (to want) and 'haben' (to have). All these auxiliaries are irregular and their conjugations are dealt with mainly in lesson 6.

Remember that when using an auxiliary together with a main-verb (e.g. 'I would like to drink wine.'), in German, the main-verb goes to the very end of the sentence no matter what (e.g. 'Ich möchte Wein trinken.').

Translate the following sentences from English into German. Think about the placements of auxiliary (normal position behind the subject) and main-verb (at the very end of sentence!).

I have to go.
Ich muss gehen.

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for correct answers
1) He has to work on the computer.
2) We want to travel.
3) You would like to play the piano.
4) She wants to go to the movie theater.
5) They would like to go to the park.

2) The accusative case with directions

Finally, we learned how to talk about directions and that all masculine/singular nouns, which represent a direction in a sentence change their article from 'der' to 'den'. For example: "Ich gehe in den Park."
We later found out that this has to do with the accusative case. All directions in German stand in the accusative case, a case that is only noticeable, if the noun is masculine and(!) singular.

Also, the preposition "in" (which is often used in German to indicate a direction) together with the direct article "das", becomes "ins".

Say, where the following people are driving (direction = accusative!). Use the irregular verb 'fahren' (to drive), which changes its stem from a to ä in the 'du' and 'er/sie/es' forms (e.g. 'du fährst').

du + Stadt
Du fährst in die Stadt.

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for correct answers
1) er + Büro
2) sie + Stadion
3) wir + Park
4) ihr + Kirche
5) ich + Zoo

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